Blackjack is my favorite casino game … it’s fun and you can use some strategy to do OK (but, remember, the odds are always against you). However, teams of card counters from the student body of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are legendary in how they beat Las Vegas casinos out of millions over the years. The film “21” takes a look at one of the teams and is based on a book about the organizer of teams. “Bringing Down the House” by Ben Mezrich is almost unbelievable in the telling how the students manage to count cards (the practice is not illegal since it doesn’t involve actual cheating or use of a device, but is battled by casinos whose owners can ban such players). “21” manages to push the emotion of characters and flash of Vegas over the dreary repetition of learning to count cards – and it actually boils this down pretty well. It’s not a great film, but one done well and very watchable.
(2008; 123 minutes; rated PG-13; directed by Robert Luketic and starring Jim Sturgess, Kate Bosworth and Kevin Spacey)
DEALING WITH CARD COUNTING
(NOTE: I expanded this review with additional opinion and trivia and the updating of links on March 16, 2019.)
Movies about gambling are popular with Hollywood – just look at “The Hustler” from 1961 and its 1986 sequel “The Color of Money” to 1965’s “The Cincinnati Kid” (click here for my review) and “Rounders” in 1998 (click here for my review). All are excellent films and not just films about gambling. Another one that’s not quite the cinematic equal to that trio but is solid and worth watching is “21” with Kevin Spacey.
“21” is the fact-based amalgam of stories about a series of card counting teams recruited from the student body of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology over the years. Its members were math whizzes from the obviously math-whizz heavy MIT. For those who do not know, card counting is where someone (or a team) track by memory the cards played in a blackjack “shoe” (a device holding several decks of cards). By knowing the “count,” the members know when it is advantageous to bet. It’s not illegal, but casinos hate card counters and legally bar them. Spotters and facial recognition technology help the casinos even against the innovative strategies developed by the teams.
The movie is taken from a book by Ben Mezrich and the story begins with the recruitment of Jim Sturgess, who plays “Ben Campbell.” He’s a top-flight student needing help with money after being accepted into Harvard’s medical school and a professor (Kevin Spacey as “Mickey Rosa”) spots his potential in class and then gets him onto the current team he has organized. Sturgess at first doesn’t want to join but he does (that’s why he’s in the movie, duh) and the story plays out as he takes over the top playing position over another veteran in the group. Of course, this causes problems among the team and with Spacey.
At the same time the casinos begin to take notice of the team in action. Their main opposition is security expert “Cole Williams,” who is played by Laurence Fishburne. He is always hot for cheats, but his days are numbered because technological advances in security cameras and systems (plus mechanical card shufflers) that rely less and less on the human element. Finally, Fishburne has built up his own score to settle with Spacey.
The film concludes by winding through a series of double-crosses and misdirection in the plot. Fishburne, who caught Sturgess and physically beat him, made a deal with the younger man in order to catch Spacey. Despite having dismissed Sturgess after a conflict, Spacey agrees to make a final trip to Las Vegas with him and this is the capper for the film, which ends with Sturgess telling a surprise twist to his story.
All in all, the film is good and the action is tight and it doesn’t get lost in the minutiae of how the MIT students developed, expanded and used their card-counting skills. There’s just the right amount of Vegas glitz that big players get from casinos and the personal foibles of the characters add a nice touch.
Now, let me look at the main players (pun intended) …
- Sturgess is the main man in the case and does the yeoman’s work here. He’s solid and does his character well, but I didn’t see him jump out at me like Matt Damon did in “Rounders.” Still, Sturgess is good at a variety of emotions and is very competent here. With early credits in TV he has moved to the big-screen and has been in “Across the Universe” and “One Day.”
- An Oscar nominee (not for this one), Fishburne is the tough guy here. He’s old school in his security trade and he’s old school in beating up those he considers cheats (card counters are not technically cheaters, but commit the sin of winning). Fishburne is somewhat one-dimensional here, but it’s not easy to be a one-dimensional tough guy with a sharp tongue. Fishburne was nominated for an Oscar for “What’s Love Got to Do With It?” and if most recognizable for “The Matrix” franchise and did outstanding work in “Apocalypse Now.”
- Spacey, as a two-time Oscar winner, is the most celebrated and arguably talented actor here, but he’s so good that when he’s not spectacular you wonder if he actually did a good job. He does here, but doesn’t make the character explode on the screen the way he did in “American Beauty” (his second Oscar after the first – “The Usual Suspects”). Spacey is smooth and confident here, but his knees buckle a bit at the end. He’s also been in “Recount” (an HBO film of the same year – click here for my review) and more recently was terrific in “Horrible Bosses” and its sequel (click here for my review). Of course, he has been completely discredited as a person through misconduct allegations and, although a pariah today, there have been rumors he’s planning what some see as an inevitable comeback.
- Jacob Pitts plays “Fisher,” who is the No. 1 man on the team who Sturgess quickly eclipses. Pitts does a great job here in showing the falling star who’s ultimately dismissed from the team – especially as he goads Sturgess into a major malfunction early in Sturgess’ work. Pitts is perfectly loose, caustic as he casually dishes out condemnation. Pitts was also in “EuroTrip” and TV’s “Justified.”
- Kate Bosworth plays “Jill Taylor,” who becomes the love interest of Sturgess. She encourages him to join the team and becomes his partner after Sturgess is dismissed by Spacey. Bosworth is solid here but, like Spacey without that level of talent. He doesn’t manage to make her character a spectacular one and that fumbled opportunity isn’t a real career builder. Bosworth has also been in “Remember the Titans, “Superman Returns” with Spacey and “Blue Crush.”
- Aaron Yoo plays “Choi” and Liza Lapira plays “Kianna” and both make up the other main players on the team. Both are OK, but there’s nothing special to see in their work that invites further comment. Yoo has also been in “Disturbia” while Lapira was in “Crazy, Stupid, Love.”
Las Vegas casinos probably enjoyed the attention that the film generated, both as flash as well as a tough attitude on card counters. However, remember, this is just a movie. Casino security is good and doesn’t any longer rely on physical threats (not in this litigious age and their corporate ownership).
“21” was the 36th ranked film at the U.S. box office in 2008 with $81.1 million in ticket sales, according to Box Office Mojo. However, worldwide it made $157.9 million on a budget of $35 million, according to Wiki. It came in two spots ahead of the inventive sci-fi thriller “Jumper” (38th with $80.1 million). The No. 1 film was “The Dark Knight” with $533.3 million. Here are the other films from year that I’ve reviewed for my blog:
- “Harold & Kumar Escape From Guantanamo Bay”
(hilarious stoners) – click here for my review
- “Recount” (outstanding political flick) – click here for my review
- “Role Models” (neat raunchy comedy) – click here for my review
Assorted cast notes (via IMDb.com):
- The most unique name in the cast is Stream, who is uncredited and plays “Featured Vegas Stripper / Parent at Harvard.” She has also been in “The Departed” (click here for my review) in another uncredited role.
- Although most of the members of the MIT card counting teams were Asian, most of the cast of “21” is Caucasian and this caused controversy about the filming at the time.
- Directly from IMDb.com: “Although set in the then-present day, i.e. 2007/8, the film is based on teams active between 1979 and 1994. And at one point, more than 80 players were on the original MIT team.”
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